Monthly Archives: October 2012

Tortured logic by the NYT to try to undermine Romney’s argument

The Times is desperate to portray as false a new Romney ad running in Ohio accusing a bailed-out Chrysler of moving production to China.  From characterizing the ad as “misleading” in the first paragraph, the article goes on to matter-of-factly accuse Romney of “including statements that stretch or ignore the facts”; claim that he “incorrectly said outright . . . that Jeep was considering moving its production to China”; presume that a Bloomberg article on Jeep’s thinking “had been misread by several conservative blogs” because of a “poorly worded quotation from Chrysler in a news article that was misinterpreted by blogs”; dredge up Romney’s “Let Detroit Go Bankrupt” headline from four years ago; and gleefully sniff, “Democrats are hoping that Mr. Romney’s latest move will draw a backlash” in Ohio.

Only one problem:  Romney is right.  The Times (and Chrysler, in a strident statement issued for the article) doth protest too much.  In the nineteenth paragraph (out of 21), the article bothers to quote a Romney spokesman that every Jeep, including those sold in China, is currently produced in the U.S., whereas Jeep is now planning to produce Jeeps for the Chinese market in China.  So it is shifting investment from the U.S. to China.  Neither the Times, the Obama campaign, nor Chrysler refuted this basic fact.  The article acknowledges that the ad’s wording was careful, so it seems to us that nothing in the ad was untrue and the spirit of it was quite correct.  (We are leaving aside for the purpose of this post a criticism of the odious protectionist, anti-business pandering of which both sides are guilty when it comes to this issue.  We deplore it, and praise the spirit of Romney’s “Let Detroit Go Bankrupt” thinking.)

The Obama water-carrying that this article represents is extreme even by Times standards.  By the way, the article is in the news section on page A1, not an editorial.  At least it didn’t run the story as a “fact check.”

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Greek island where “people forget to die”: Looks a lot like a predictable statistical anomaly

A story in the New York Times, “The Island Where People Forget to Die,” marvels at how the population (673 souls) of Ikaria, a Greek island in the Aegean, seem to live for a long time.

The story refers to research by two scholars, Gianni Pes of the University of Sassari in Italy and Michel Poulain of Belgium, who have conducted anecdotal research on population clusters with a disproportionate number of people who live a long time.  Their list of anomalous communities is comprised, in addition to Ikaria, of:

  • “on Costa Rica’s Nicoya Peninsula, we discovered a population of 100,000 mestizos with a lower-than-normal rate of middle-age mortality.”
  • “in Loma Linda, Calif., we identified a population of Seventh-day Adventists in which most of the adherents’ life expectancy exceeded the American average by about a decade.”
  • “a region of Sardinia’s Nuoro province as the place with the highest concentration of male centenarians in the world.”

For Ikaria, people tend to live a long time, and the protaganist of the story moved there after being diagnosed with cancer in 1976, but it went into remission and he is still alive.  Bless him.

Do you see the problem here?  If one slices and dices the world population of seven billion enough ways—the cited researchers’ clusters include one ethnic group, a religious group, a regional group, and an island—then one will find outliers.  Similarly, if one adopts enough different measures of longevity—in this case, middle-age mortality, life expectancy, prevalence of centenarians, and, in Ikaria, rates of people who reach 90—then one will surely find a few that emerge as outliers.  (Not to mention the small sample size in this case.)

Out of the practically infinite number of semi-coherent groupings of people and semi-coherent measures of longevity, by definition, there will be a few that fall into the 0.01%, or 0.0001%, tail of the distribution.  It’s as if you toss a coin 1,000,000 times and search the results for a string of ten consecutive heads and, finding it, you say, “ah-ha—this coin is biased!”  In fact, you expect to get ten consecutive heads about once in every 1,000 ten-toss experiments.

We can hope that Drs. Pes and Poulain consider this inferential reality in their research, but the article does not even address this obvious potential rejoinder.

By the way, the article cites several plausible reasons for longevity in Ikaria:  the island’s hot springs; the relaxed lifestyle there*; a sense of community; a healthy diet, including vegetables, wine, and olive oil; exercise, since the area is rural and hilly; and the popular local drink of tea made from local herbs.  These factors make Ikaria seem like a nice place to live — and no doubt these factors contribute at a basic level to longevity—but they are hardly so novel as to paint this case study as extraordinary.

*Unemployment on the island is 40%.

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